Butterfly Conservation's Upper Thames Branch is unique in having all five British hairstreak butterflies within its boundaries. This species is not found in the Isle of Man. cherries (Prunus spp.) This small creatures are found in three different subspecies, viz. Hairstreak butterfly identification Both sexes are similar, and can be easily confused with the White-letter Hairstreak. It is similar to the previous stage, but all the markings are clearly defined; the spaces between the oblique stripes are checkered with light mottlings; all the hairs are serrated and white, except those of the dorsal series, which are slightly ochreous. As with all butterflies in the Hairstreak group the shape of the wing makes it look as if it has a tiny tail. The tiny butterflies belong to the hairstreak group and are often tended by ants in their host plants from which they can very easily be identified. There are also lenticles dispersed over the body, one above the spiracle and one below the lateral lobe on each segment. It is a local species that lives in self-contained colonies that breed in the same area year after year. Both sexes are similar, and can be easily confused with the White-letter Hairstreak. It has also been found in ants' nests. 45470-00034-826 FLPA Images. After the first moult, the larva lives outside the bud, under a loosely-spun silk web. Eggs are relatively easy to find in suitable locations during the winter months before the oak buds burst. In England its strongholds are in West Sussex, Surrey, Oxfordshire, Buckinghamshire, North Devon and South Devon. "I was quite excited last week to finally track down some Purple Hairstreak butterflies in the Gardens. The hairs on the first and last segments project over them. The main distinguishing feature is the row of black and white tapering spots above the orange band on the underside of the hindwings, and the white ‘ W ‘ is less pronounced. Jaap Blonk . It is widest across the fifth segment, from which it very gradually tapers to the anal segment. The larva is extremely well-camouflaged and, in later stages when the larva lies under an oak bud, is very difficult to locate. The under surface is likewise clothed with fine white bristles. The colour is white, and greenish-grey at the bottom of the cells." It is not easily seen as an adult butterfly, because the males spend almost all their time feeding and mating high up on the tallest trees in the colony known as ‘master trees’. To the naked eye the egg appears pearly white. UK distribution map. Except being rather richer in colour, it is similar in all respects to the previous stage. This butterfly is found across southern England and Wales, with scattered colonies further north. On both the first and last segments is a dorsal, shining, olive-brown disc, with a pair of pale olive-brown warts on the front edge of the anterior disc. On rounding the crown the pattern becomes more open and the points longer, on nearing the base they gradually diminish in size; all the points are connected by a fine network of elevated keels, but the whole pattern is irregular; the ground surface of the egg is finely granular, of a silvery or bluish-grey colour; the reticulations are pure white, resembling opaque frosted glass. long, i.e., when it is nine days old." in length. On May 17th the first larva ceased feeding and remained on a leaf at the base of the stem of oak; the following day it crawled restlessly about. - Frohawk (1924). Owing to the late spring of 1901, the oak buds were only just starting to develop in size at the time of the hatching of the eggs on April 8th, therefore the author removed the outer husks and placed the young larva on the tender green embryonic leaves, which they readily fed upon. in length; it is very broad and flattened; the entire colouring is much more intensified than in the previous stage, the oblique markings are rich brown and the medio-dorsal stripe is dull black, the lightest sub-dorsal and lateral lines are primrose-yellow on the posterior segments, gradually becoming more ochreous on the middle segments; the anterior disc is a pale pearly colour, and that on the posterior segment is darker; the spiracles are brown. The males are the more-elusive of the two sexes, congregating high on ash "master trees" that are positioned around the breeding area, where they feed on honeydew. The manner in which the larva is capable of concealing itself among the bracts is remarkable. Category. This butterfly is primarily found in woodland containing oak trees, the foodplant of the larva. The larva emerges from the egg in spring by cutting a hole in the top of the egg and immediately enters a developing bud. It is particularly active in bright sunshine and, in the right woodland in early evening, this species can be seen in large numbers flitting around the tree canopy, and from tree to tree. The female is particularly beautiful, with forewings that contain large orange patches, and was once considered to be a separate species known as the "Golden Hairstreak". West Sussex is a stronghold for this species and the adults are on the wing from late July. The egg measures 0.65 mm. Featured Print. When first laid and for many days it is of a slightly bluish tinge, gradually becoming white during the autumn; it remains unchanged through the winter and until hatching at the beginning of April." There are five species of hairstreak butterfly in the UK. The flight period is from early July to early September and the adults tend to fly high over the canopy of woodland, particularly around mature oak trees Quercus spp. Directly after emergence it is 1.5 mm. Look out for the vibrant, metallic sheen of the undersides of its wings on grassland and … It is of the usual Thecla shape, resembling a chiton shell. It prefers the thick soils and lightly grazed areas on the non-southerly facing slopes on the Commons. Any UK BAP status is taken from the UK Biodiversity Action Plan (UK BAP) (2007 review). The larva eats part of its eggshell on hatching before burrowing into a developing bud where it feeds fully-concealed. Average wingspan: 7/8 – 1 3/8 inches (2.2 – 3.5 cm) Flight pattern: Fast and erratic. It is found at woodland edges and along hedgerows in southern England from late July until November. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. The pupa is not attached to anything; it simply lies on its ventral surface, a slight network cocoon spun on the surface of the ground at the base of the moss or other growth." Most of the one hundred or so hairstreak species live in a geographically limited range. The whole surface is densely clothed with short, serrated ochreous spines, each on a pedestal base, similar to the previous stage. Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family The head is very shining olive-black, bearing a number of fine whitish hairs. When a larva was placed upon freshly expanded young oak leaves it refused to feed on them, so it was returned to the unexpanded bud, when it immediately began feeding on it as before." There is one brood each year. Copyright © Peter Eeles 2002-2020. The fully-fed larva leaves the foodplant prior to pupation, changing colour to a dull purple to maintain the excellent camouflage as it rummages around in leaf litter. The spiracles are of the same colour as the body and almost indistinguishable owing to the numerous lenticles scattered over the body." Evergreen Oak (Quercus ilex) is also used. The particular specimen described (which the author found on May 18th, 1902, in Huntingdonshire, it was then quite small, in its first stage) stopped feeding on June 25th after crawling restlessly about all day; it was then supplied with moss, under which it at once disappeared, and pupated early morning on June 30th, 1902. After the first moult, the larva will rest by day on a silk pad situated on the underside of a leaf, feeding away from its resting place at night, and returning to rest as dawn approaches. The Purple hairstreak is the only butterfly in the UK which is entirely reliant on the oak tree. Identification. The whole surface is composed of irregular pentagonal cells, which are large and deep and most irregular round the apical third. The head is shining bronze-black and bears a few excessively fine white hairs. Gray Hairstreak Butterfly. The Voice of the Land . The sides are flattened, the ventral surface very flat, so that when viewed end on it forms a triangle. On sunny days the adults will rest with wings open, absorbing the sun's rays on their dark brown wings which gradually close as they warm up. Purple hairstreak butterfly is relatively common and widespread in suitable habitat (oak woodland and standard mature oaks) within the UK, but has a southerly distribution. Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Habitat. Large blue Phengaris arion. After third and last moult, fully grown, it measures from 16 mm. - Frohawk (1924), "The first moult May 22nd, 1902. When this is removed the rounded anal segment shows a small cluster of extremely minute short spines in place of hooks. Therefore in a state of nature the larva of this butterfly attains full growth and pupates at the end of June or early in July." This unique habitat needs to be protected to ensure all of these butterflies have a safe future. Eggs. The northernmost sites are found in North Lincolnshire. The pupa is formed in a crevice in the ground, amongst the leaf litter or at the base of a plant. - Frohawk (1924), "The second moult occurred on April 30th. Find the perfect purple hairstreak uk stock photo. The first segment is compressed dorsally, rounded laterally, with a slight notch in front, and completely overlaps the head, which is quite concealed while at rest. This is the largest hairstreak found in the British Isles. It is of a compressed spherical form, flattened at the base; the micropyle is sunken and finely pitted; the whole surface is beautifully reticulated of a more prominent structure than that of the "Blues"; it is composed of projecting points placed close together round the micropyle. The colour is pale ochreous, with a medio-dorsal darker line and oblique lateral stripes. It is found at woodland edges and along hedgerows in southern England from late July until November. ), Common Fleabane (Pulicaria dysenterica), Devil's-bit Scabious (Succisa pratensis), Hemp-agrimony (Eupatorium cannabinum), ragworts (Jacobaea spp. When they do come down, however, they can be remarkably tame and easy to observe. - Frohawk (1924). Females also spend their time on the master trees until the eggs have matured and they are ready to lay. Hairstreak Butterfly Review . The whole surface is densely sprinkled with minute black points. In shape it resembles T. quercus, and also somewhat in the arrangement of the hairs, but the discs on the first and last segments are not dark as in quercus, but of the same colour as the rest of the surface; they are without the numerous black points which cover the whole of the rest of the body, but are checkered with dusky markings and lenticles on the anterior segment. The ground colour is a bright sienna or rust-red, becoming paler at the head, wings and limbs, all of which are streaked with dark purple-brown; the thorax and abdomen are speckled and blotched with the same dark colour; the largest blotches form sub-dorsal series; the spiracles are light amber. Unsympathetic farming practices that involve the flailing of hedgerows containing overwintering eggs are considered to be one factor in this demise. It is believed that mice and shrews are responsible for eating large numbers of pupae in the wild. The head is almost as wide as the body and cleft at the base of the crown in the shape of a heart. The largest of the UK hairstreak family, the brown hairstreak is an elusive butterfly, spending most of the time either high in the tops of ash “master” trees, where they feed on honeydew from aphids and bask in the sun, or amongst thick hedges. It spins silk over the stems, bracts and bases of the leaves, and then eats its way into the centre of the expanded buds and young shoots so as to remain more or less hidden; the silk cords retain all the parts that would otherwise fall, which afford a covering for the larva. The green hairstreak is the UK's only green butterfly. long to 19 mm., the larger being the females. The green hairstreak butterfly is the only green coloured butterfly in the UK. The writer then placed some earth and moss at the bottom of the receptacle in which the larva were kept, and the one ready for pupation soon disappeared amongst it (and others did likewise on becoming fully grown) and pupated on May 23rd. - Frohawk (1924). In Southern England, one butterfly species found among blackthorn hedgerows is the brown hairstreak. The Oxford and Ampthill Clays are the only place in the UK where all five hairstreak butterflies naturally occur. Found around oak trees. The larva partially develops within the egg before entering hibernation for the winter. Scientific name: Callophrys rubi The green hairstreak is the UK's only green butterfly. Transitive Functions . Previous page Next page Next page . The surface is sprinkled with white serrated hairs, each with a fine, shining brown, truncated base, keeled with fine black ribs, forming fluted pedestals, and the entire surface is covered with fine reticulations. In Southern England, one butterfly species found among blackthorn hedgerows is the brown hairstreak. A dark little butterfly that spends the majority of its life in the tree tops, feeding on honeydew, making it best observed through binoculars. Males have a purple upper wings whereas females have just a purple patch. Surrey, 1976 . Nature Picture Library offers the best nature photographs and footage from the world's finest photographers, to license for commercial and creative use. Adults emerge from the last week of June, through July and into August, with adults still being found into September. Killer . Adults feed on honeydew from aphids, while caterpillars feed exclusively on blackthorn. The larvae thrive best and produce large imagines when fed upon the succulent young shoots of any variety of cultivated plum. It also occurs in Morocco and Algeria, and in most of temperate Asia. Click here to see the distribution of this species together with site information overlaid. Before second moult it measures 4.8 mm. Find the perfect hairstreak butterfly stock photo. Click here to see the distribution of this species together with site information overlaid. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. The Oxford and Ampthill Clays are the only place in the UK where all five hairstreak butterflies naturally occur. Pack of 2 hairstreak butterflies Epitola posthumus , aa- quality, for framing or all other taxidermy art projects FREE SHIPPING Alanscollectibles. - Frohawk (1924), "The third moult on May 7th. The Last Polling Station Reporting . Common. It is a local species that lives in self-contained colonies that breed in the same area year after year. The Green Hairstreak is found in a wide range of habitats including moorland, disused quarries and railway lines, scrubby hillsides.and heathland. There is an annual Brown Hairstreak walk in late August when the Brown Hairstreak … From shop Alanscollectibles. The purple hairstreak is a butterfly that relies on both native and non-native oaks. Males are particularly territorial during the mating season. The general colouring bears a great similarity to the ochreous-brown outer cases of the oak buds. Along the dorsal surface are two rows of hairs; each row is composed of three hairs on each segment, the first is very small, the second long, and the third about half as long; all three curve backwards and slightly to the side, so that the points of all six hairs of the two rows are diverging; on each segment is a sub-dorsal, shining, pale yellowish wart; between this and the spiracle are two hairs, the first is short and directed slightly downwards, the other backwards; there are four others below the spiracle, three being placed in a line and projecting laterally, and one lower down pointing downwards; the segments are strongly lobed laterally, in the centre of each lobe is a translucent shining wart, and immediately below is a spinous hair. In the UK, it is only found in mature woodland and hedgerows in the East Midlands, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire. - Nature Picture Library brown hairstreak butterfly Being 0.80 mm except being rather richer in colour, it is days... 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